BM: Bipolar Membrane
FC: Fuel Cell
EL: ELectrolyzer
AEM: Anion Exchange Membrane
AEI: Anion Exchange Ionomer
wps 2 Flowchart of main research and innovation actions planned during CREATE project

  Project Management - WP1 (Leader: CNRS)

The main objectives of WP1 are the coordination and follow-up of the progress, optimal use of the project’s resources, reporting to the European Commission and dissemination of the project’s activities and results. The objectives are summarized as:
- Ensure the timely preparation and delivery of project technical reports and periodic reports as required
- Ensure the project finances are managed, controlled and reported to the satisfaction of partners and the European Commission
- Efficient and secured internal communication via a dedicated project workspace


The main objectives of WP2 are the definition of the industrial targets for the novel membranes and catalysts developed in CREATE, the definition of test conditions and test protocols to evaluate the materials ex situ in liquid electrolytes and in situ in electrochemical cells, as well as the cost and life cycle analyses of the optimized fuel cell and electrolyzer developed in the project. The objectives are summarized as:
- The definition of technical specifications for the implementation of novel materials for polymer-electrolyte electrochemicall cells dedicated to the production of hydrogen / electricity.
- The definition of test conditions and protocols for the in situ testing of cells
- The cost analysis of the cells developed in the project.
- The life cycle analysis of the cells developed in the project.


The objectives of WP3 are the rational synthesis and development of novel catalysts for fuel cells and electrolyzers to catalyze the oxygen evolution reaction, OER (link to a window for explaining the four reactions), the hydrogen evolution reaction, HER (electrolyzer anode and cathode, respectively), the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and hydrogen oxidation reaction HOR (fuel cell cathode and anode reactions, respectively). The material approaches focus on Earth-abundant metals such as iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn) and Nickel (Ni) in the form of nanostructured metal oxides, of chalcogenides, of metallic structures or as atomically-dispersed metal-ions in nitrogen-doped carbon matrices. If needed to reach an even higher performance, selected materials will be functionalized with ultralow amounts of PGM that will operate in synergy with CRM-free catalysts (HOR). Their advanced characterisation with electrochemical and operando spectroscopic methods (see partners description JÜLICH and Northestern University) will allow us establishing relationships between structure, catalytic properties and stability.
The objectives are summarized as the development of catalysts for different reactions including:
- PGM-free electrocatalyst materials for ORR, OER and OER/ORR bifunctionality in alkaline media
- PGM-free or ultralow PGM catalysts for HER/HOR in alkaline medium
- PGM-free or ultralow PGM catalysts for the HER/HOR in acidic medium.
- Understanding the functioning and possible degradation of the electrocatalyst materials in atomic/molecular level by using advanced in situ and online spectroscopic techniques.
- The supply of catalyst materials to WP5 for their integration in polymer-electrolyte fuel cell and water electrolyzer


The objectives of WP4 are the development of new ionomeric materials with high intrinsic conductivity for the transport of anions (or anions and cations for amphoteric ionomers), with improved stability in high-pH environment for their use in polymer-electrolyte fuel cells and electrolyzers. The new ionomers must satisfy the requirements of the proposed anion-conducting polymer-based electrochemical cells and anion-conducting side of bipolar-membrane -based electrochemical cells. The ionomeric materials will comprise both anion-exchange membranes to be used as anode/cathode separators and anion exchange ionomers to conduct ions in the porous 3D electrocatalytic layers of the cells. Another major objective of WP4 is to develop a suitable anion/proton conducting bipolar membrane multilayer structure, with low resistance interfaces between the anion conducting and proton conducting materials.
The objectives are summarized as:
- The preparation of membranes and their characterisation for anion conductivity and stability
- The preparation of bipolar membranes and their characterisation for through-plane conductivity
- The supply of ionomers and (bipolar) membranes for their integration in polymer-electrolyte fuel cells and electrolyzers (WP5), first with state-of-art catalysts, then with the novel catalysts developed in CREATE.


The objective of WP5 is to develop highly efficient membrane-electrode assemblies (MEA) for testing in novel polymer-electrolyte water electrolyzers and fuel cells. Electrode materials prepared in WP3 and membranes and ionomers prepared in WP4 will allow fabrication of large area MEAs which will be free of CRM or contain ultralow amount of CRM (in particular ultralow amount of PGM). The initial activity and power performance, but also the stability and degradation mechanisms of the various MEAs will be investigated using the protocols established in WP2. To be efficient, we will focus on the novel materials prepared in CREATE that will have successfully passed all ex situ criteria set out in WP2 (e.g. activity and stability measured in RDE for catalysts; conductivity, stability for ionomers and membranes, and in addition permeability to gases for membranes).
The main quantitative WP5 targets for polymer-electrolyte electrolyzers are summarized as follows:
1. MEA with total PGM content ≤ 40 µg cm-2
2. Validation of MEA performance:  0.5 A cm-2 at 1.6-1.7 V for single cells
3. Reduction of MEA performance degradation to less than 10 µV/h in durability tests (1000 hr).
4. Assessment of differential pressure operation for electrolyzers (from 15 to 80 bars)
The main quantitative WP5 targets for polymer-electrolyte fuel cells are summarized as follows:
1. MEA with total PGM content ≤ 40 µg cm-2
2. Validation of MEA performance:  0.5 A cm-2 at 0.70-0.80 V for single cells
3. Reduction of MEA performance degradation to less than 10 µV/h in durability tests (500 hr).


Dissemination and exploitation – WP6 (Leader: PRETEXO)

The objectives of WP6 are the spreading of the knowledge generated by the project, beyond its boundaries, which is a crosscutting policy in H2020, and also the appropriate management of the knowledge generated by CREATE in order to protect intellectual and industrial property.
The objectives are summarized as:
- Develop, instigate and manage a project's Dissemination Protocol
- Ensure effective dissemination of project results, including conference presentations and publications
- Develop and exploit appropriate channels for communication of project activities and results to a non-specialist audience.
- Organise a focused international workshop with related international (European, or overseas) or national projects, to disseminate project results and encourage future collaboration   needed to capitalize on the project's results